Chromatographic fractionation of betacyanins from flowers of Gomphrena globosa
Abstract: In this study, a chromatographic fractionation of betacyanin pigments from extract of purple Gomphrena globosa petals was performed by preparative high performance liquid chromatography (prep-HPLC). The particular betacyanins in each collected fractions were tentatively identified by chromatography with optical amd mass spetrometric detection (LC-DAD-ESI-MS). Betacyanins are natural pigments, which are confirmed to have an antioxidant activity. It was reported that betacyanins can prevent civilization diseases, because of an ability of free radicals scavenging. Betacyanins are present in tissue of plants from Amaranthaceae family, e.g. in petals of Gomphrena globosa. Preparative separation of these particular pigments is difficult, because they are structurally very similar to each other and tend to coelute. However, in this study, fractions, containing a dominant amount of the principal pigments of Gomphrena globosa inflorescences, were obtained successfully. In the first fractions, two isomeric pigments assigned to gomphrenin I and isogomphrenin I were detected. The fractions of significant amounts of gomphrenin III and isogomphrenin III were obtained separately with sufficient purity. The presence of other, minor gomphrenin-type betacyanins were also confirmed as: gomphrenin II, cis-isomer of gomphrenin II and sinapoyl-gomphrenin I as well as their 15S-diastereomers. Moreover, in other fractions, various unknown pigments were detected
Keywords: betacyanins, Gomphrena globosa, plant pigments, LC-MS
Area: Chemistry and Pharmacy
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.