Application of finite element method for the analysis of a prefabricated post-and-core – tooth system
Abstract: In recent years in the area of prosthetic treatment, great emphasise was put on leaving a residual dentition inside mouth. In a teeth after endodontic treatment or with broken crown a healthy root is a natural implant that can be used for further reconstruction. Use of posts-and-cores is one of possible methods of widely damaged tooth crowns treatment. There is a lot of different types of prefabricated posts-and-cores. Numerical analysis of the prefabricated post-and-core – tooth system was conducted by the authors. The prefabricated Flexi-Flange post-and-core from the Essential Dental System was selected for the analysis. The scope of the analysis has covered calculation of displacements, strains and stresses in each elements of the analysed system – depending on the applied post material and load applied on the prosthetic crown. The analysis reviled that there is a significant influence of the type of the post material and load on results. It was found that the most unfavourable variant of load is the one with force applied on the labial surface at the angle of 45° to the axis of the tooth. The results of the analysed system provided a valuable guidelines for proper design of its form, geometrical properties, selection of the mechanical properties and the optimal strengthening degree of metallic biomaterial.
Keywords: prefabricated posts, prosthetic reconstruction, finite element analysis
Area: Biomedical Engineering
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