Museum Projects of the Star-Architects
Abstract: In the 1980’s the amount of new museum constructions started raising suddenly and the most famous pre-existing institutions began to create its external branches in distant locations. Crowning achievement of this process was a grand opening of Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao on the 18th of October 1997, which not only determined the conventional direction of urban renewal in the de-industrialized cities, but also started a new era in the history of a stardom in architecture, formally opening the age of its global range. The most representative cases of the aforementioned phenomena will be presented and discussed. Nowadays many star-architects are specialized in designing the museums, Frank Gehry and Daniel Libeskind being the most notable ones, and almost every member of this elite has at least one significant constructed object of that function in his or her portfolio. The reason of such a synergy can be found in the facts that they justify such feature as signature design, central urban locations predestine the buildings to become landmarks and their function giving a wide margin in shaping the internal spaces allows architects an artistic treatment of its form. This is a probable explanation why the museum constructions are certainly not the most financially lucrative but even though the most prestigious ones. The paper aims to trace the evolution of world famous museums in the late 20th century and the beginning of 21st century, paying special attention to the role of star architecture in the processes of transformation and to the emergence of the designers elite itself.
Keywords: star-architecture, museum networks, museum brands, museum extensions, museum complexes
Area: Civil Engineering, Urban Planning and Architecture
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