Reactions of decarboxylated betanins under influence of halogen light
Abstract: Betalains as natural plant pigments are very sensitive to several factors, including light, therefore, studies on stability of their derivatives which retain their attractive color, are crucial for their potential application in pharmaceutical, food or cosmetic industries. An effect of irradiation by halogen light on reactivity of main decarboxylated derivatives of betacyanins (2-decarboxy-betanin, 17-decarboxy-betanin and 2,17-decarboxy-betanin) was investigated in aqueous and organic-aqueous solutions: 50% (v/v) acetonitrile, 50% (v/v) methanol and 50% (v/v) ethanol, at pH range 3-8. The double decarboxylation of betanin (at C-2 and C-17 position of carbon) significantly increases the stability of this pigment in the acidic media. As a result of pigments reactions induced by light, some betacyanin derivatives with different decarboxylation and dehydrogenation levels were identified by chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and diode array detection (LC-DAD).
Keywords: betanin, decarboxylated betacyanins, photolability, mass spectrometry
Area: Chemistry and Pharmacy
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