Analysis of structural solutions of train sheds in Europe
Abstract: Great spans were already used in ancient times; however, it was the first and second industrial revolution that laid the roots of the transportation sector. Channels, roads, rail lines were built and consequently train stations followed. Prestige was very important for many railway companies and cities, and this desire was expressed by splendid structures. Although after World War II many train stations were demolished, the high-speed train brought an upturn again. With new technologies available it became possible to create spacious, light structures formed freely. The train station is the main access point to the transportation system, but it also serves as a public space. Here architecture, engineering and industrial design overlap. Structural elements, despite their loadbearing function have a major impact on the quality of the architectural space. Expression and excitement of architecture are important issues. Proper choice of structural solutions, using shades, shadows and textures make the train station a distinctive place. I would like to present an overview of the development of railway station design and give an outlook to the latest trends in the construction of passenger transportation hubs.
Keywords: train station, transportation hub, wide-span, structural system
Area: Civil Engineering, Urban Planning and Architecture
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