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Influence of supercritical carbon dioxide on structure and mechanical properties of porous polypropylene membranes

Influence of supercritical carbon dioxide on structure and mechanical properties of porous polypropylene membranes
File Size:
520.19 kB
Author:
Jan Krzysztoforski, Andrzej Krasiński, Marek Henczka, Wojciech Piętkiewicz, Maciej Szwast
Email:
j[dot]krzysztoforski[at]ichip[dot]pw[dot]edu[dot]pl
Date:
15 August 2013
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Abstract: The influence of supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) on structure and mechanical properties of porous polypropylene tubular membranes subjected to diff erent process conditions was investigated. Th e membranes were treated with scCO2 at pressure of 18 MPa and at three diff erent temperatures (40°C, 70°C, and 100°C) for 2 h in a batch reactor. Th e obtained samples were analyzed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) to determine the impact on the membrane structure, tensile testing for ultimate strength assessment, and bubble point test for determination of the pore size distribution and the fi ltration coeffi cient (UFC). A membrane not treated with scCO2 was used as reference sample for comparison. SEM pictures of side surfaces and cross-sections of treated tubular membranes did not reveal any changes in membrane structure. Tensile testing of treated and non-treated samples showed that after scCO2 treatment the ultimate strength slightly decreased (less than 10%), while the Young’s modulus was reduced by almost 50%. Th e bubble point test showed that scCO2 causes an increase in the number of pores and an increase in the UFC value. In the range 40–100°C no signifi cant temperature dependence was observed. Th e results confi rm that supercritical carbon dioxide can be used as a medium in porous polypropylene membrane production, maintenance and modifi cation.

Keywords: supercritical fl uid, membrane, TIPS, supercritical carbon dioxide

Area: Nanotechnologies and Materials

BibTeX:

@article{Krzysztoforski2012,
  author = {Jan Krzysztoforski and Andrzej Krasiński and Marek Henczka and Wojciech Piętkiewicz and Maciej Szwast},
  title = {Influence of supercritical carbon dioxide on structure and mechanical properties of porous polypropylene membranes},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {3},
  number = {4},
  pages = {20--25},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/110-influence-of-supercritical-carbon-dioxide-on-structure-and-mechanical-properties-of-porous-polypropylene-membranes}
}
 
 

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