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Volume 2, Year 2011, Issue 1, January-March

Volume 2, Year 2011, Issue 1, January-March

The methods of solving the multiscenario model of joint balancing energy and power reserves
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Abstract: Article concerns a joint model of balancing energy and power reserves for the energy system which takes into account power and regulation reserves. Admission a varied situations of using energy from the system power reserves causes, that characterizes this model with a vast complexity of calculation. The aim of this paper is to present practical ways to solve this problem using several proposed heuristic algorithms of reduction scenarios. Th eir quality was presented at the sample data.

Keywords: linear programming, load fl ow analysis, power generation dispatch, power reserves, multi-scenario model.

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BibTeX:

@article{Rogulski2011,
  author = {Mariusz Rogulski},
  title = {The methods of solving the multiscenario model of joint balancing energy and power reserves},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {3-7},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/2-the-methods-of-solving-the-multiscenario-model-of-joint-balancing-energy-and-power-reserves}
}
Amplitude demodulation of interferometric signals with a 2D Hilbert transform
Author:
Maciej Wielgus
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8 x
 

 

Abstract: The Hilbert transform and the analytic signal are widely known tools of 1D signal pro cessing. Th ey are useful for many applications, such as AM-FM demodulation or edge detection. Developing the multidimensional generalization of this method is particularly important for the purposes of image processing. Unfortunately, it is not obvious how to generalize the transform, keeping its essential properties. In this paper I survey some ideas: basic approaches with spectral masks imitating 1D signum function, the spiral phase operator method and the method involving quaternionic Fourier transform. I present and compare how these algorithms are useful for the amplitude demodulation of typical interferometric images

Keywords: Hilbert transform, image analysis, Fourier transform, demodula tion.

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BibTeX:

@article{Wielgus2011,
  author = {Maciej Wielgus},
  title = {Amplitude demodulation of interferometric signals with a 2D Hilbert transform},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {8-11},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/3-amplitude-demodulation-of-interferometric-signals-with-a-2d-hilbert-transform}
}
Thermogelling water solutions of multifunctional macromonomers based on PLGA-PEG-PLGA triblock copolymers
Author:
Lenka Michlovská, Lucy Vojtová, Ludmila Mravcová, Josef Jančár
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9 x
 

 

Abstract: Biodegradable thermosensitive triblock copolymers based on poly(ethylene glycol) and poly[(lactic acid)-co-(glycolic acid)](PLGA-PEG-PLGA) with PLGA/PEG weight ratio in the range of 1.5–3.0 and LA/GA molar ratio equal to 2.4 or 3.0 were prepared via ring opening polymerization (ROP). Prepared copolymers were subsequently modifi ed in “one pot” by itaconic anhydride (ITA) in order to functionalize both ends with carboxylic acid groups and reactive double bonds. Chemical structure was characterized by means of gel permeation chromatography and nuclear magnetic resonance. Aqueous solutions of both modifi ed and unmodifi ed copolymers are able to form free fl owing sol at room temperature and clear gel at temperature around 37°C. Th erefore, sol-gel transitions of PLGA-PEG-PLGA and ITA/PLGA-PEG-PLGA/ITA copolymers in aqueous solutions were investigated using test tube inverting method. No mater if copolymer is modifi ed or not, it was found that the critical gel temperature (CGT) increased when the PLGA/PEG weight ratio dropped from 2.5 to 2.0 and that the critical gel concentration (CGC) grew up with decreasing molar ratio of LA/GA from 3.0 up to 2.4. However, in all cases the ITA functionalization improved sol-gel characteristics of original PLGA-PEG-PLGA copolymer by approaching gel phase to body temperature. As a result, aqueous solution of ITA/PLGA-PEG-PLGA/ITA having LA/GA = 3 and PLGA/PEG = 2 with concentration higher than 6 wt% might be suitable material for biomedical applications as injectable temporary implants.

Keywords: biodegradable polymers; poly(ethylene glycol); poly[(lactic acid)-co-(glycolic acid)], sol-gel transition.

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BibTeX:

@article{Michlovska2011,
  author = {Lenka Michlovská and Lucy Vojtová and Ludmila Mravcová and Josef Jančár},
  title = {Thermogelling water solutions of multifunctional macromonomers based on PLGA-PEG-PLGA triblock copolymers},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {12-15},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/4-thermogelling-water-solutions-of-multifunctional-macromonomers-based-on-plga-peg-plga-triblock-copolymers}
}
Optical Fourier Domain Interferometry as a novel tool for biological imaging
Author:
Daniel Rumiński, Andrzej Kowalczyk, Maciej Wojtkowski
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4 x
 

 

Abstract: Purpose of this work is to introduce results of biological objects measurements with Optical Coherence Tomography system working with swept source laser (OFDI system). Th is specified source with spectrum centred around 1040 nm is dedicated to measure posterior segment of the eye. OCT with this wavelength is expected to be next generation for this sort of systems. Although commonly used 800 nm source enables imaging retina, deeper tissue layers are not available with this wavelength. Longer wavelengths in range of infrared spectrum (e.g. 1040 nm) are being weakly scattered which enables to go down to the choroid layer [1]. Examination this structure composed mostly from blood vessels might be very important for early diagnosis of eye diseases. In this paper system setup, swept source scheme and eye images would be introduced.

Keywords: OFDI, swept source, OCT, medical imaging, eye imaging, Michelson interferometer, interferometry

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BibTeX:

@article{Ruminski2011,
  author = {Daniel Rumiński, Andrzej Kowalczyk, Maciej Wojtkowski},
  title = {Optical Fourier Domain Interferometry as a novel tool for biological imaging},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {16-18},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/5-optical-fourier-domain-interferometry-as-a-novel-tool-for-biological-imaging}
}
Hydrogel coatings for artifi cial heart implants
Author:
Maciej Trzaskowski, Beata Butruk, Tomasz Ciach
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5 x
 

 

Abstract: Polyurethanes (PU) are nowadays one of the most widely used types of polymers for biomedical applications. Th e segmented nature of these materials enables to obtain both fl exibility and mechanical strength within the same material. However, there is a need to modify a surface of PU in order to produce highly hemocompatible materials that can be used in fabrication of permanent blood-contacting devices such as vascular implants, valves or hearts. Among many types of modifi cations, hydrogel coating appears to be very promising. Such modifi cation increases the hydrophilicity of PU which in turn causes an increase in the bio- and hemocompatibility of the material. The aim of presented study was to create a polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) hydrogel coating onto a surface of polyurethane. A possibility of using a free radical polymerization reaction was investigated. Th e obtained materials were analyzed in terms of durability, swelling ratio and contact angle. Th e FTIR-ATR analysis confi rmed that polyurethane surfaces have been uccessfully coated with PVP.

Keywords: polyurethane, polyvinylpyrrolidone, hydrogel coating, artifi cial heart

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BibTeX:

@article{Trzaskowski2011,
  author = {Maciej Trzaskowski and Beata Butruk and Tomasz Ciach},
  title = {Hydrogel coatings for artifi cial heart implants},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {19-22},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/6-hydrogel-coatings-for-artifi-cial-heart-implants}
}
PCA based modifi cation of SIFT-like methods for object class recognition
Author:
Agnieszka Owczarek
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4 x
 

 

Abstract: This paper discusses a novel PCA based modifi cation of standard SIFT and PCA-SIFT algorithms for the purpose of object class recognition. New descriptors intended to be simultaneously distinctive enough to describe the diff erence between features belonging to separate categories and general enough to capture the variations among features from the same class are proposed. Th e experimental results, gained for a test database, showing the reliability of introduced approach are presented.

Keywords: object recognition, principle component analysis, SIFT

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BibTeX:

@article{Owczarek2011,
  author = {Agnieszka Owczarek},
  title = {PCA based modifi cation of SIFT-like methods for object class recognition},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {23-26},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/7-pca-based-modifi-cation-of-sift-like-methods-for-object-class-recognition}
}
Estimation of stereo camera motion
Author:
Maciej Polańczyk, Przemysław Barański, Michał Strzelecki
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Abstract: The paper presents an algorithm for estimating the motion of a stereovision camera. Th e movement is calculated on the base of a sequence of depth pictures. While moving the camera can be held in hands without much impact on the prediction accuracy. The algorithm provides real-time data processing when a 2.5 GHz dual core computer is used.

Keywords: stereovision, motion estimation

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BibTeX:

@article{Polanczyk2011,
  author = {Maciej Polańczyk, Przemysław Barański, Michał Strzelecki},
  title = {Estimation of stereo camera motion},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {27-31},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/8-estimation-of-stereo-camera-motion}
}
Improved Method for TDOA Estimation with Chirp Signals
Author:
Paweł Ziętek
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6 x
 

 

Abstract: This paper introduces an improved method for TDOA estimation. Th e time-diff erence measurement is performed by taking an advantage of the properties of linear frequency modulation signals. According to the performed simulations and experiment results, the proposed TDOA estimation scheme shows good accuracy and thus has the potential to be used in precise indoor location applications

Keywords: location, chirp, TDOA estimation

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BibTeX:

@article{Ziatek2011,
  author = {Paweł Ziętek},
  title = {Improved Method for TDOA Estimation with Chirp Signals},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {32-35},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/9-improved-method-for-tdoa-estimation-with-chirp-signals}
}
Closely Intermeshing Counter-Rotating Twin Screw Extrusion of Polymers
Author:
Adrian Lewandowski
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11 x
 

 

Abstract: The state-of-the-art is presented for composite modeling of counter-rotating twin screw extrusion of polymeric materials. The closely intermeshing screw confi guration is considered. A new approach for composite modeling of counter-rotating twin screw extrusion is discussed. Th is approach is based on the three dimensional nonNewtonian FEM simulation of fl ow in an intermeshing modular counter-rotating twin screw extruder. Some experimental and theoretical results of the study are presented. Th e polymer melting behaviour and degree of fi lling of the screw channel during the process, as well as the pressure and temperature developments are discussed.

Keywords: Polymeric Materials, Counter-Rotating Twin Screw Extrusion, Composite Modeling, Closely Intermeshing Screw Confi guration, FEM Computation

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BibTeX:

@article{Lewandowski2011,
  author = {Adrian Lewandowski},
  title = {Closely Intermeshing Counter-Rotating Twin Screw Extrusion of Polymers},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {36-40},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/10-closely-intermeshing-counter-rotating-twin-screw-extrusion-of-polymers}
}
Mathematical modelling and description of friction and temperature phenomena in inking unit of the offset printing machine
Author:
Zofia Maria Piętak, Yuriy Pyryev
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5 x
 

 

Abstract: In this paper a proposition of mathematical formula of the temperature distribution caused by friction phenomena in the cylinder/cylinder contact in the inking unit of the off set printing machine is presented. In the inking unit there are pairs of wheeling inking rollers, one of which is made of steel and the second one has got a rubber layer outside. Th e steel roller besides the circular motion moves reciprocating along the cylinder pivot. Th e measurements made during the tests in the various research centres have shown that the inking rollers’ temperature increases during the work of the off set printing machine. Some derivative heat equations are applied to the case study and are solved.

Keywords: friction, cylinder/cylinder contact, temperature, off set printing, inking unit, inking roller

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BibTeX:

@article{Piatek2011,
  author = {Zofia Maria Piętak, Yuriy Pyryev},
  title = {Mathematical modelling and description of friction and temperature phenomena in inking unit of the offset printing machine},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {41-44},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/11-mathematical-modelling-and-description-of-friction-and-temperature-phenomena-in-inking-unit-of-the-offset-printing-machine}
}
Synchronization of Three-Phase PWM Rectifiers with Unbalanced and Distorted Grid Voltage
Author:
Krzysztof Rafał, Małgorzata Bobrowska-Rafał
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8 x
 

 

Abstract:This paper presents method of synchronization of three-phase PWM rectifi er with unbalanced and distorted grid voltage. An algorithm to extract symmetrical components from instantaneous grid voltages is presented. Phase Locked Loop algorithm is described to synchronize with positive voltage sequence.

Keywords: Phase Locked Loop, symmetrical components, PWM rectifier

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BibTeX:

@article{Rafal2011,
  author = {Krzysztof Rafał, Małgorzata Bobrowska-Rafał},
  title = {Synchronization of Three-Phase PWM Rectifiers with Unbalanced and Distorted Grid Voltage},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {45-50},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/12-synchronization-of-three-phase-pwm-rectifiers-with-unbalanced-and-distorted-grid-voltage}
}
Polymer Single Screw Extrusion with Metered Feeding
Author:
Krzysztof Jan Wilczyński
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5 x
 

 

Abstract: The state-of-the-art is presented for composite modeling of single screw extrusion of polymeric materials. The flood mode of feeding and metered mode of feeding are considered. A new inverse approach of composite modeling for metered fed single screw extrusion is discussed. Some experimental and theoretical results of the study are presented. Th e polymer melting behaviour and degree of fi lling of the screw channel during the process, as well as the pressure and temperature development are discussed.

Keywords: Polymeric Materials, Single Screw Extrusion, Composite Modeling, Metered Feeding, Polymer Melting

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BibTeX:

@article{Wilczynski2011,
  author = {Krzysztof Jan Wilczyński},
  title = {Polymer Single Screw Extrusion with Metered Feeding},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {51-54},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/13-polymer-single-screw-extrusion-with-metered-feeding}
}
Locomotor patterns in the exploring house mouse (Mus musculus)
Author:
Blythe Alexander
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13 x
 

 

Abstract: For animals, home range exploration is a learning process during which the animal uses sensory-motor activity to incrementally map properties of a future home range into long-term memory to be used by the animal subsequently for effi cient navigation within the explored range. Most research on home range orientation focuses on the navigational performance of the animal with pre-existing knowledge–after exploration. Typically, exploration behavior appears random, but there must be some systematic component to result in the animal acquiring spatial knowledge. Few studies have looked at the spatiotemporal pattern of exploration for any part that is not random. Using the house mouse as the model species, we study exploration behavior in a radial arm maze, with the nest box in the center. With these spatial constraints, it is easier to separate the random and systematic components of exploration. We found that the mice tend to avoid exploring an arm of the maze previously visited one or two times earlier, yet the choices among any other arms not previously visited are almost indistinguishable from random.

Keywords: spatial exploration, house mouse, locomotor patterns, radial arm maze

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BibTeX:

@article{Blythe2011,
  author = {Blythe Alexander},
  title = {Locomotor patterns in the exploring house mouse (Mus musculus)},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {55-59},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/14-locomotor-patterns-in-the-exploring-house-mouse-mus-musculus}
}
Methodological concept of decision making support tool for the purpose of long-term energy planning
Author:
Aleksandra Arcipowska
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5 x
 

 

Abstract: Formulation of long-term energy strategies and polices is a complex tasks. It needs to consider number of aspects i.a. forecast of energy and fuel demand, possible supply paths, expected impact on environment, as well as public consultation process. There are number of formal methods that aim supporting decision making for the long-term energy planning. They help understanding complexity of problem, fi nding the best compromise solution and allow public participation. In the following paper methodological concept of combining energy scenarios and multi-criteria analysis (MCA) will be introduced. Energy scenarios are tools that help to explore and understand the future energy system. MCA provides assessment of diff erent policy option in respect to multiple criteria. Moreover it allows public participation in decision making process. Combined method is promising tool for energy planning and decision.

Keywords: scenario planning, participatory multi-criteria analysis, sustainable energy development

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BibTeX:

@article{Arcipowska2011,
  author = {Aleksandra Arcipowska},
  title = {Methodological concept of decision making support tool for the purpose of long-term energy planning},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {60-64},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/15-methodological-concept-of-decision-making-support-tool-for-the-purpose-of-long-term-energy-planning}
}
New composite polymer membranes for biogas separation
Author:
Marta Bojarska, Maciej Szwast, Wojciech Piątkiewicz
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5 x
 

 

Abstract: Biogas can be used as an alternative energy source. Unfortunately presence of carbon dioxide in a composition of biogas makes compression and transportation diffi cult. In addition CO2 makes biogas lower calorifi c. Th at is why new methods for carbon dioxide separation from biogas are to be explored. Obtained results for polypropylene membranes modifi cations by polydimethylosiloxanes are presented in this paper.

Keywords: biogas, gas separation, membranes for gas separation

Area:

BibTeX:

@article{Bojarska2011,
  author = {Marta Bojarska, Maciej Szwast, Wojciech Piątkiewicz},
  title = {New composite polymer membranes for biogas separation},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {65-68},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/16-new-composite-polymer-membranes-for-biogas-separation}
}
Use of trees for reducing particulate matter pollution in air
Author:
Kajetan Dzierżanowski, Stanisław W. Gawroński
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8 x
 

 

Abstract: Adverse health eff ects of environmental pollution is a frequent subject of medical and veterinary studies. One of the most dangerous air contaminants is particulate matter (PM). Planting trees as biological fi lters is considered as a valuable way of reducing number of particles in air. However, there is not enough research on selecting the most effi cient plant species/varieties for accumulation of these pollutants. In this study, fi ve commonly cultivated tree species were compared: silver birch, Simon’s poplar, callery pear ‘Chanticleer’, northern red oak and Swedish whitebeam, to identify the diff erences in accumulation levels of PM on leaf surface. Results showed that all of the tested species accumulated high amounts of PM. Whitebeam and birch were most eff ective in capturing particles, while lowest levels were found on oak.

Keywords: air contamination, PM, phytoremediation, coarse particles, urban forest

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BibTeX:

@article{Dzierzanowski2011,
  author = {Kajetan Dzierżanowski, Stanisław W. Gawroński},
  title = {Use of trees for reducing particulate matter pollution in air},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {69-73},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/17-use-of-trees-for-reducing-particulate-matter-pollution-in-air}
}
Sorption of the acid dyes onto strongly basic anion exchanger: Kinetic and equilibrium studies
Author:
Magdalena Greluk, Zbigniew Hubicki, Anna Wołowicz
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4 x
 

 

Abstract: The strong base acrylic anion exchangers, Amberlite IRA-458, was used as an adsorbent for the investigation of acid dyes (Acid Orange 7, Acid Orange 10 and Acid Red 88) adsorption kinetics and isotherms. Th e pseudo-fi rst order and pseudo-second order kinetic models were used to analyze the kinetic data and good agreement between the experimental and calculated amounts of dye adsorbed at equilibrium were obtained for the pseudo-second order kinetic models for the entire investigated concentrations domain in the case all three investigated dyes. The adsorption equilibrium data were analyzed by the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models with the best fi tting being the fi rst one.

Keywords: adsorption isotherms, adsorption kinetics, acid dyes, resin

Area:

BibTeX:

@article{Greluk2011,
  author = {Magdalena Greluk, Zbigniew Hubicki, Anna Wołowicz},
  title = {Sorption of the acid dyes onto strongly basic anion exchanger: Kinetic and equilibrium studies},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {74-78},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/18-sorption-of-the-acid-dyes-onto-strongly-basic-anion-exchanger-kinetic-and-equilibrium-studies}
}
‘Lab-on-a-chip’ for cell engineering: towards cellular models mimicking in vivo
Author:
Karina Ziółkowska, Michał Chudy, Artur Dybko, Zbigniew Brzózka
Downloads:
5 x
 

 

Abstract: One of the main scopes of modern cell engineering is development of cellular models that can replace animals in drug screening and toxicological tests, so called alternative methods. Construction of the alternative model is a very challenging task due to a richness of factors creating the in vivo environment. Th e monolayer cell culture — cultivation of adhesive cells on artifi cial surfaces such as glass or polymer — lack most of the in vivo-like interactions, but still is the only tool for the majority of applications. One of the most prospective approaches on mimicking in vivo environment is “Lab-on-a-chip” technology. Microfl uidic devices off er lots of advantages over traditional in vitro culture, e.g. much higher cell volume-to-extracellular fl uid volume ratio or possibility of regulation of hydrodynamic stress. Th is presentation aims to introduce latest advances of our team in microfl uidic cell culture devices. Our novel approach is to cultivate three dimensional multicellular aggregates (spheroids) in microenvironments arranged in a microfl uidic system. The geometry and materials of the system allow for cultivation, observation and analysis of multicellular spheroids. Th e results presented concern multicellular tumor spheroids (MCTS) rising from human cancer cells, which are considered to represent most of the conditionings of cancer tumor in vivo. Th e fully developed MCTS microdevice will be a reliable tool for anticancer drug screening, as the results most likely will be in a close accordance with the results obtained in vivo.

Keywords: Lab-on-a-chip, microfl uidic tools, cancer, cell culture, Multicellular Tumor Spheroid (MCTS)

Area:

BibTeX:

@article{Ziolkowska2011,
  author = {Karina Ziółkowska, Michał Chudy, Artur Dybko, Zbigniew Brzózka},
  title = {‘Lab-on-a-chip’ for cell engineering: towards cellular models mimicking in vivo},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {79-82},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/19-lab-on-a-chip-for-cell-engineering-towards-cellular-models-mimicking-in-vivo}
}
Algorithmic architecture
Author:
Jakub Bladowski
Downloads:
9 x
 

 

Abstract: What should be the exact scope of computer involvement in architecture design? What ways of thinking should we use in order to completely utilize computer programming possibilities?
Th ere is a notion of observing nature and using its ways of coping in architectural design. We, architects could perform design techniques closely similar to those observed in natural processes. Evolution, natural selection and eff ectiveness could be phrases used in reference to architectural design. Architecture is an art of meeting people’s needs, an art that creates diff erent styles and trends. There are always human related topics in that kind of design. Is technology able to meet its needs?

Keywords: algorithmic architecture, genetic algorithms, architecture, population thinking, topological thinking, intensive thinking

Area:

BibTeX:

@article{Bladowski2011,
  author = {Jakub Bladowski},
  title = {Algorithmic architecture},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {83-86},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/20-algorithmic-architecture}
}
Aspects of churches’ adaptation to serve the Orthodox liturgy on the example of the temple in Malczyce
Author:
Elżbieta Makal
Downloads:
5 x
 

 

Abstract: In Poland, there are many temples which have been adapted for other than their original purposes. Th e Orthodox, out of necessity of adaptation, comes across, in particular, after the Second World War. In this article, the problem of adaptation of the non- Orthodox churches as an example of the Orthodox church in Malczyce has been described (Lower Silesia Province — woj.  dolnośląskie).

Keywords: church adaptation, architecture of Lower Silesia, church architecture

Area:

BibTeX:

@article{Makal2011,
  author = {Elżbieta Makal},
  title = {Aspects of churches’ adaptation to serve the Orthodox liturgy on the example of the temple in Malczyce},
  journal = {Challenges of Modern Technology},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {2},
  number = {1},
  pages = {87-91},
  url = {http://www.journal.young-scientists.eu/index.php/isuues/file/21-aspects-of-churches-adaptation-to-serve-the-orthodox-liturgy-on-the-example-of-the-temple-in-malczyce}
}
 
 
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