Architecture as an Indicator of Territorial Conflicts, Globalisation and Unification
Abstract: The paper discusses architecture as a marker of two selected types of conflicts. The first type described are conflicts rooted in a dispute over a territory. Territorial conflicts result in the transpositions of architectural styles, their merges and evolutions. Based on colonial architecture, the author gives examples of the aggressors’ architectural practices, which are treating the local design in various manners: elimination, acceptance or conscious use. Subsequently to colonialism, the paper discusses decolonisation and globalisation, which lead to the unification of architecture all over the world. This, as the article shows, is related to the transformations of global economy. The paper discusses examples of architectural styles and tendencies, which are triggered by economic factors, including the architecture of international corporations, and modular container building. Finally, the paper comments on architecture portraying economic discrepancies, reflecting extreme luxury and poverty. The author comments on the clash between elitist skyscrapers and slums in large metropolises. The article discusses social phenomena that stem from this clash and, most importantly, portrays architecture as an agent and a victim of territorial and economic conflicts.
Keywords: architecture, territorial conflicts, economic conflicts, globalisation, colonial architecture, decolonisation, hybrid architecture
Area: Town and Urban Planning, Architecture and Building Engineering
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