Application of Voronoi diagrams in contemporary architecture and town planning
Abstract: Modern design methods rely increasingly on understanding the nature of processes and principles of self-organization of biological structures and their representation using mathematical models that may apply in technology, including architecture. As a result, bionic design elements play a more meaningful role in shaping contemporary architecture and urban planning. The development of computer technology has made it possible to create more complex and complicated structures and surfaces inspired by natural forms. The inspiration for the discretization of the surface, using the Voronoi diagram, as seen in the honeycomb structure or the dragonfly wing, is increasingly applied in shaping the elevation of contemporary buildings. As a mathematical problem, the division of space fascinates scientists as well as architects. Consequently, architects use the spatial Voronoi cells also in shaping the structural forms. Today Voronoi diagrams are an important source of inspiration for architects and urban planners as a surface discretization method and a way of creating structural elements or spatial forms and as flooring patterns in urban projects. The use of mathematical models represent the structure and organization of the forms found in nature, which is increasingly used in the multidisciplinary architectural design. The design of the structures and elements both in architecture and urban planning using methods of computational geometry makes new opportunities for architectural and urban projects as seen by the Voronoi tessellation.
Keywords: bionic design, Voronoi diagram, architecture, town planning
Area: Civil Engineering, Urban Planning and Architecture
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